This writing system developed over centuries. For example, the Sumerian Epic of Gilgamesh, the oldest literature in history and was quoted earlier in the paper, was written in cuneiform. Mohenjo-Daro was built on a large man-made mound about feet high and supported by a brick wall with embedded towers.
In Indus the main economic activity was trade while in China the main economic activity was farming and the main crops grown were wheat, rice, corn, and soy beans.
One building found at Mohenjo-Daro may have been a palace or a temple, but it was not obviously religious like ziggurats of Mesopotamia or Pyramids in Egypt.
There were no royal burials or large buildings for central government like those found in Mesopotamia, Egypt or China so it was probably not centrally governed. With this responsibility came immense power. Some women did own property and some even became priests, but overall, the status of women declined as Mesopotamia developed.
Mesoamerica The first civilization in Mesoamerica was the Olmec in the 1st and 2nd millennium B. The city was laid out in a grid-like street pattern and had public wells and a sewer system.
People settled along the Yangtze and Yellow River. Appeasing the gods was so important that the inhabitants of each Sumerian city-state built the rest of the city around the temple, so as to make the temple the center.
Then, they discovered bronze, which is a combination of copper and tin, that is stronger than either of the two ingredients separately. India, like the Olmec, did not have a central government; rather, they were united by a single language, a single religion, and thus a single culture.
He who makes barley and brings wheat into being… He who brings grass into being for the cattle. The annual floods caused anyone trying to live there to flee to higher ground. Rainmaking rites also included other forms of human sacrifice.
The alluvial soil around the Yellow River was fertile because of flooding, but also because of the dust blown in from the Gobi Desert. The cities were relatively equal in size and power until around B.
As a result, the Sumerians developed larger city-states in pockets of similar people and topography than did Egyptians. Rather than placating a volatile god, the Egyptians just wanted to keep the peace and harmony that they were experiencing to keep going.
This is not where the agricultural revolution began, however. The ability to divine the future was a powerful way to legitimated royal power — and then to justify the right to collect yet more tribute. The Egyptians therefore treated the Pharaoh like a god and prepared him for his afterlife by building huge tombs such as the Great Pyramid c.
The Nile River did have an extensive trade route system, with upper and lower routes, however only some livestock was the major import into the civilization. E, but the differences are that Mesopotamia developed first in the 36th century B.
Before cities, most people were equal, doing sustenance farming. Unlike writing from Harappa and the Olmec, the Egyptian system, called hieroglyphics, has been translated by modern linguists using a translator key called the Rosetta Stone made during the Cleopatra reign. There were no royal burials or large buildings for central government like those found in Mesopotamia, Egypt or China so it was probably not centrally governed.
Although there was some writing in this civilization, only short sentences of 5 to 10 words have been found and none of it has been translated; thus, little is known about how this civilization developed.
Archeologists have found many Neolithic settlements in northern China around the Yellow and Wei Rivers. The way of Government which in case of Egypt was central and authoritative in the case of Mesopotamian stresses mostly on city-state equation. As people began to accumulate wealth, men became the conduit for inheritance, thus establishing a patriarchal method of passing property to the sons.
Just like the leaders of Egypt and Sumer were able to convince the peasants to do public work on irrigations systems, palaces and tombs, so too were the Olmecs able to get the people to transport basalt blocks many miles to pay tribute religiously: There, they grew rice using irrigation since rice grew under water by taking advantage of nutrients from the ambient water.
Thus, the largest cities like Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro controlled their city and their corresponding suburban area, but at any given time, a certain class of elites would determine the ideology, economic system, and script for the whole region.
The cities were relatively equal in size and power until around B.
In order to have organized manpower, an organizer was necessary. One such culture called the Longshan also spelled Lungshan thrived during — B. Also, perhaps coincidently, the Olmec and Shang civilizations began around the same era, beginning in B.
Accordingly, the fields were not irrigated, but were inundated, this requiring a rise of river level optimally of 16 cubits to cover all the previously leveled farmland. Although these walls most likely were used for defense, but they also protected against floods and controlled trade by keeping out undesirable trading partners.
Egyptians had several alphabets, the heiratic, demotic and finally heiroglyphs, or "sacred writing. What made this area particularly suitable for the development of a civilization, besides the water, soil and sunshine, was its location in an easily accessible area, not surrounded by mountains.Compare And Contrast Mesopotamia And Egypt The two most significant civilizations of the world developed in the same region of Middle East and North Africa, closely interlinked and influenced by each other.
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Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Compare and Contrast Egypt and Mesopotamia. Do SPICE Chart for each. trans regional trade with Indus Valley and Egypt. Ag based on wheat and Barley.
This paper will compare and contrast the two eastern civilizations i. e. the Chinese and Indus Valley with their western counterparts i. e. the Mesopotamian and the Egyptian civilizations regarding the influence of the religion in.
River Valley Civilizations. Mesopotamia, Egypt, India, and China. – Years Ago Advanced. Cities. CH 2: Sec. 3 “Planned Cities on the Indus” why Chinese Civilization developed so differently from the other early civilizations?
COMPARE/CONTRAST. Compare and Contrast: Egypt and Mesopotamia essaysThroughout the history of the earth, man has evolved from nomadic hunters and gatherers into the civilized people we are today.
Studying this progression, we come upon many fascinating places, things, and peoples. The most prominent development, in m. China, Indus, Mesopotamia, and Egypt China had a monarchy government and its main crops grown were wheat, rice, corn, and soy beans.
Government in Indus was a basis of religion and trade took place in the civilization.Download